THE NEW ENGLAND ROENTGEN RAY SOCIETY, INC.
Adopted Unanimously by
the New England Roentgen Ray Society, Inc.
on May 10, 1968
Amended 1970, 1980, 1982, 1991, 2003, 2008
ORGANIZATION AND BY-LAWS
The name of this corporation shall be the The New England Roentgen, INC., hereinafter referred to as the Society.
1.1 The principal office of the Society shall be in the offices of the Massachusetts Medical Society, City of Waltham, Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
2.1 To further the science of Radiology
2.2 To maintain and improve the professional, ethical, and scientific standards of radiologic practice.
2.3 To provide a medium for the exchange of radiological information.
2.4 To promote and maintain harmonious relations among radiologists of New England and cooperation between radiology and other branches of medicine and allied sciences.
2.5 To sponsor educational activities for residents, practicing radiologists and allied specialists.
2.6 To operate exclusively for charitable and educational purposes within the meaning of Section 170 (c) and 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended.
3.1 Subject to the limitations contained in paragraphs (3.1) through (3.7) below, the Corporation shall have the following powers.
3.11 The power set forth in Massachusetts General Laws c. 156B, S9 (a) through (k).
3.12 The power to be a partner in any enterprise in which a corporation exempt from Federal income taxation under S501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States internal revenue law) may be a partner.
3.2 Not withstanding any other provision of these Articles, the Corporation shall not carry on any activities not permitted to be carried on (a) by a corporation exempt from Federal income tax under S501 (c) or (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States internal revenue law) or (b) by a corporation, contributions to which are deductible under S170 (c) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States internal revenue law)
3.3 No part of the net earning of the Corporation shall inure to the benefit of any private member or individual, and no member, officer or employee of the Corporation shall receive or be lawfully entitled to receive any pecuniary profit of any kind therefrom except reasonable compensation for services in effecting one of more of its purposes.
3.4 No substantial part of the activities of the Corporation shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and the Corporation shall not participate in or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements) any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office.
3.5 Persons of any race and of either sex shall be entitled to all the rights, privileges, programs and activities generally accorded or made available to participants in the Corporation, its programs and activities, and the Corporation shall not discriminate on the basis of race or sex in administering its policies and programs.
3.6 In the event of dissolution of the Corporation, the assets of the Corporation shall be distributed pursuant to Massachusetts General Laws c. 180, S11A to such organization or organizations with similar charitable, religious and educational purpose as at the date of dissolution are described in S501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code.
3.7 Meetings of the members may be held anywhere in the United States.
Membership, other than Honorary, is open to qualified individuals normally resident in New England.
4.1 Active Membership
A candidate for Active membership must be a physician or a scientist, active in radiology or an allied field. Physicians must be diplomats of the American Board of Radiology or be eligible to be examined by the American Board of Radiology. The Executive Committee of this Society may grant active membership to physicians with other qualifications if these are considered appropriate.
Candidates for Active membership, who are not physicians, must hold board equivalent qualifications considered acceptable to the Executive Committee of the Society.
Active members shall be entitled to vote, to hold elective and appointive office, and to serve on all committees. They may attend and participate in the scientific meetings and other functions of the Society.
4.131 An application for Active membership shall be in writing on a form approved by the Executive Committee and submitted to the Secretary.
The form will require the signatures of one sponsor who is an Active member of the Society.
4.132 The names of applicants and their sponsors shall be presented to the Executive Committee meeting at which voting on the proposed applicants will take place.
4.133 The Executive Committee shall vote on all applications, rejecting or deferring any application which it considers not to comply with requirements for membership.
4.2 Junior Membership
A candidate for Junior membership must be a resident or hold equivalent status in an approved training program in radiology or in an allied field.
Junior members shall not have the right to vote or hold office, but they may serve on any committee established by these bylaws. They may attend and participate in the scientific meetings and functions of the Society.
Junior members, upon meeting the qualifications for Active membership, may apply for such membership as set out in 4.131.
4.231 Junior members shall be nominated by their residency program directors, who shall each year submit a list of eligible individuals to the Secretary. The Executive Committee shall review all nominations, rejecting or deferring any which it considers not to comply with requirements for membership.
4.3 Honorary Membership
Honorary membership may be bestowed by the Society on an individual who is considered to have made a distinguished contribution in the field of radiology or in an allied field.
Honorary members shall not have the right to vote or hold office, and shall be exempt from dues. Those Honorary members chosen from Active members shall retain all rights and privileges to which they were previously entitled.
4.33 Recommendation for Election
4.331 A recommendation for election to Honorary membership may be made in writing by any member of the Society and submitted to the Secretary.
4.332 The Secretary shall submit the proposal to the Executive Committee, whose unanimous approval is necessary.
4.333 After approval by the Executive Committee, the recommendation shall be presented by the Secretary to the Annual Meeting, where an affirmative vote is required.
4.4 Senior Membership
A candidate for Senior membership shall be an Active or associate member who has reached the age of 65 years, or who has retired from active practice.
Senior members shall retain the rights and privileges to which they were formerly entitled. They shall be exempt from dues.
An application for Senior membership shall be in writing to the Secretary, who shall submit it to the Executive Committee for action. It must state the grounds for qualification as described in 4.41.
4.5 Non-Resident Members
Non-resident membership in this Society shall be open to members of the Society who have moved out of New England.
Non-resident members shall not have the right to vote or to hold office, but shall have all the other privileges of membership in this Society.
Non-resident membership shall be acquired by the member giving written notice of his removal from the New England States to the Secretary.
4.6 Inactive Membership
A candidate for Inactive membership shall by any member who submits acceptable reasons to the Executive Committee for temporary inability to continue as a member in another category.
Inactive members shall not have the right to vote, hold office, serve on committees or represent this Society, but they shall have all other privileges of membership. They shall be exempt from dues.
A member shall become Inactive upon the granting of his written request by Executive Committee.
5.1 The officers of this Society shall be a President, President-Elect, a Vice-President, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and an Information Technologies Officer.
5.2 Duties and Term of Office
The President shall preside at all meetings of this Society and perform such other duties as pertain to his office. He shall be a member ex-officio of the Executive Committee, the Bylaws Revision Committee, and the Education Committee where he shall also have the right to be counted for quorum purposes, participate in said Committees’ order of business, and vote in all matters that come before said committees. He shall, with the aid of the Secretary and the Chairmen of the Education Committee, arrange the scientific programs for each meeting of the Society and be designated program chairman for all educational functions sponsored by the Society.
The President shall serve for a term of one (1) year and his term of office shall begin at the close of the annual meeting at which he was elected President and continue until the qualification of his successor at the next annual meeting. The President shall not be eligible for re-election.
The President-Elect shall familiarize himself with the procedures, plans and operations of this Society to assist him in the better conduct of his office as President. He shall be a member of the Education and Executive Committees ex-officio, and shall have the right to be counted for quorum purposes, participate in said Committees’ order of business and vote on all matters that may come before said Committees. He shall be eligible as a member of the Society to serve on any other committee, except the Nominating Committee.
The President-Elect shall serve for a term of one (1) year and his term in office shall begin at the close of the annual meeting at which he was elected President-Elect and continues until the next annual meeting.
The Vice-President shall preside at such meetings as designated by the President. In case the President shall be unable to perform his duties, the Vice-President shall act as President during such period of incapacity but in no case beyond the unexpired portion of the term of the President whose office is being filled. He shall be a member of the Executive Committee ex-officio and shall have the right to be counted for quorum purposes, participate in said Executive Committee’s order of business and vote on all matters that come before said Committee.
The term of office of Vice-President shall be one (1) year and shall begin at the close of the annual meeting at which he was elected Vice-President and continue until the election and qualification of his successor at the next annual meeting. No member of this Society shall be eligible to be elected to this office for more than a single term of one (1) year in the aggregate.
The Secretary shall maintain a roster of membership and a record of all proceedings and transactions of this Society. He shall send notices of all regular and special meetings to all classes of membership. He shall notify in writing all committee members immediately upon their appointment. He shall furnish application blanks and copies of these Bylaws and the Society’s code of ethics to radiologists applying for membership. He shall receive, and submit to the Executive Committee, applications for membership to this Society. He shall notify applicants of their election into this Society within one (1) month following the Executive Committee meeting at which such member was elected. He shall receive and send notices of proposed amendments in accordance with the provisions of Section 13.2 of these Bylaws. He shall assist the President in arranging scientific programs of all meetings and in the absence of the President and Vice-President shall conduct any meeting of the Society. He shall help arrange meeting dates, the venue as well as coordinate the audio-visual contractors. He shall arrange for the catering of all Society functions. He shall assist the president and treasurer in managing the NERRS website. He shall conduct the correspondence of the Society. He/she shall serve as the Director of Medical Education (DME) of the society. As DME, he/she will chair the Education Committee ex officio. He shall perform all duties pertaining to his office and others as may be prescribed from time to time by the Executive Committee or the President. He shall be a member of the Executive Committee ex-officio and shall have the right to be counted for quorum purposes, participate in said Executive Committee’s order of business, and vote on all matters that may come before said Committee.
The term of office of the Secretary shall be three (3) years and shall begin at the close of the annual meeting at which he was elected Secretary and continue until the election and qualification of his successor at the next annual meeting. No member of this Society shall be eligible to be elected to this office for more than one 3-year term.
The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds and securities belonging or accruing to this Society from dues, bequests, or other sources and shall keep full and accurate accounts of receipts and disbursements belonging to this Society, and shall deposit all monies and other valuable effects in the name and to the credit of this Society in such depositories as may be designated from time to time by the Executive Committee. He shall submit a financial report semiannually at the fall and spring executive committee meetings. He shall be a member of the Executive Committee ex-officio and shall have the right to be counted for quorum purposes, participate in said Executive Committee’s order of business and vote on all matters that may come before said Committee.
The term of office of the Treasurer shall be three (3) years. It shall coincide with the fiscal year of the Society as defined in Section 12.1. No member of this Society shall be eligible to be elected to this office for more than one 3-year term.
5.8 Informations Technologies Officer
The Informations Technologies Officer shall be the overseer of the website and web-based content. He shall be a member of the Exectuive Committee ex-officio and shall have the right to be counted for quorum purposes, participate in said Executive Committee’s order of business and vote on all matters that may come before said Committee.
The term of office of the Informations Technologies Officer shall be two (2) years. It shall coincide with the fiscal year of the Society as defined in Section 12.1. No member of this Society shall be eligible to be elected to this office for more than two 2-year terms.
5.81 A vacancy in any of the foregoing offices, except in the office of the President, because of death, resignation, removal, disqualification or otherwise, shall be filled by the Executive Committee or its designee for the unexpired portion of the term of the officer whose office is being filled.
6.0 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
6.1 The governing board of this Society shall be the Executive Committee.
6.2 The Executive Committee shall consist of:
6.21 The past Presidents of this Society, each of whom shall serve for a period of three (3) years following his retirement as President.
6.22 A member from each New England state, which is not otherwise represented on the Executive Committee, to be appointed by the appropriate state radiological society.
6.2 Up to 3 ad hoc members, to be appointed by the current executive committee
6.24 The officers of this Society, ex-officio.
6.25 The Senior Past President (in terms of service on the Executive Committee) shall serve as Chairman of said Committee.
6.3 The duties of the Executive Committee shall be:
6.31 The Executive Committee shall have charge of and manage the affairs of this Society.
6.32 It shall make appointments to special committees not otherwise provided by these Bylaws.
6.33 It shall have the power to fill all interim vacancies not otherwise provided for by these Bylaws, subject always to the limitations of Section 5.81 of these Bylaws.
6.34 It shall pass upon all application for membership into this Society.
6.35 It shall consider recommendations for disciplinary action against a member submitted by the Professional Ethics Committee in accordance with the provisions of Section 11.2 of these Bylaws, the Chairman of that Committee being present at the meeting. It shall render its decision by majority vote and either dismiss the matter, or make its recommendation to the Society for disciplinary action in accordance with the provisions of Section 11.0 of these Bylaws.
6.36 It shall control the disposition of funds and other property of this Society and shall designate the bank or banks in which shall be deposited the monies or securities of the Society.
6.37 It shall determine the time and place of meetings of this Society, subject to the limitations of Section 8.0 of these Bylaws.
6.38 It shall submit a report to the membership at the annual meeting and at such other times as may seem desirable.
6.39 It shall appoint a Nominating Committee composed of three (3) members of the Society at least three (3) months prior to the Annual Meeting for the purposes provided in Section 9.1 of these Bylaws.
6.4 Meetings of the Executive Committee
6.41 Regular meetings of the Executive Committee may be held at such times or places as the Executive Committee may from time to time fix.
6.42 Other meetings of the Executive Committee may be called by any member thereof either by oral, telegraphic or written notice not later than the day prior to the date set for such meeting. Such notice shall state the time and place of the meeting, and if by telegraph or in writing, shall be addressed to each member of said committee at his Society mailing address as shown on the records of the Secretary. Upon the request of any member of said Committee, the Secretary shall give the required notice calling the meeting.
6.51 At any meeting of the Executive Committee a majority of the members thereof as fixed by Section 6.2 of these Bylaws shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of the Executive Committee.
6.6 Manner of Acting
6.61 Any action of the Executive Committee to be effective must be authorized by the affirmative vote of a majority of the members thereof present at any meeting at which there is a quorum, except as may be otherwise specifically provided by these Bylaws or by the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
6.7 The Executive Committee may make rules for the conduct of its business.
7.0 STANDING COMMITTEE
7.1 Title: Education Committee
7.12 There shall be an enduring Education Committee consisting of no less than five (5) members appointed by the Executive Committee to advise and assist those Officers and/or members who are responsible for educational activities of the Society. The chairmen of this committee shall be appointed by the Executive Committee and shall serve for a period of one (1) year following their appointment. They shall be members of the Executive Committee ex-officio.
7.2 There shall also be a Bylaws Revision Committee, an Auditing Committee, a Nominating Committee and a History Committee. These committees shall be appointed by the Executive Committee.
8.0 MEETING OF MEMBERS
8.11 Regular Meetings
8.111 Regular monthly meetings shall be held on the third Friday of each month unless otherwise designated by the Executive Committee.
8.12 Annual Meeting
8.121 An annual meeting shall be held. The Executive Committee shall designate the time and place of the meeting and written notice thereof shall be mailed (or e-mailed) to all members of the Society at least thirty (30) days prior to the meeting.
8.122 The following business shall be conducted at the annual meeting:
Report of the Treasurer
Election of Officers and members of the Executive Committee
Election of Honorary Members
8.123 The George W. Holmes Annual Lecture shall be presented.
8.13 Special Meetings
8.131 Special Meetings may be called at the discretion of the President and must be called by the President upon written request of any five (5) active members of this Society. Notice thereof shall be mailed to all members of the Society at least seven (7) days prior to the meeting date, and must be set within 30 days of receipt of said request. At a special meeting, no business may be transacted except that for which such special meeting was called.
8.21 Five (5) percent of the voting members of the Society shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of all business at any meeting of the members, except any amendment of these Bylaws or the purposes for which the Society was incorporated, a change in the Society’s name of the principal office of the Society in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and as may otherwise be required by law.
8.3 Manner of Acting
The affirmative vote of a majority of the eligible members present and voting at all meetings at which there is a quorum shall be necessary for passage of any motion, or the adoption of any matter, as the act and deed of the membership, except where otherwise specifically provided in these Bylaws or the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
8.4 Order of Business and Parliamentary Procedure
8.41 Subject to the Society’s charter, its Bylaws and special rules of order, and laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the parliamentary rules and usages contained in the current edition of Roberts’ “Rules of Order” shall govern all meetings of this Society wherever applicable.
9.0 NOMINATIONS AND ELECTIONS
9.1 The Nominating Committee shall present a list of nominees for the various offices of this Society to be elected at the Annual Meeting. Nothing in these Bylaws shall prevent, or be construed as preventing, nominations from the floor.
9.2 This Society shall elect at the annual meeting the following:
9.3 Election to office shall be by an affirmative vote of a majority of eligible members present and voting at the annual meeting.
10.1 Active, Non-Resident and Junior Members
10.11 The annual dues for each category shall be established by vote of the members on recommendation of the Executive Committee.
10.12 A member whose dues are unpaid shall be so notified by the Treasurer by letter. A member whose dues remain unpaid at the time of the annual meeting may be dropped from the Society at the discretion of the Executive Committee.
10.2 Honorary, Senior and Inactive Members
10.21 Honorary, Senior and Inactive Members shall be exempt from the payment of dues.
11.1 The then current principles of Medical Ethics of the American Medical Association shall be the Code of the Ethics of this Society and are hereby made a part of these Bylaws.
The medical profession has long subscribed to a body of ethical statements developed primarily for the benefit of the patient. As a member of this profession, a physician must recognize responsibility not only to patients, but also to society, to other health professionals, and to self. The following Principles adopted by the American Medical Association are not laws, but standards of conduct which define the essentials of honorable behavior for the physician.
11.21 A physician shall be dedicated to proving competent medical service with compassion and respect for human dignity.
11.22 A physician shall deal honestly with patients and colleagues, and strive to expose those physicians deficient in character or competence, or who engage in fraud or deception.
11.23 A physician shall respect the law and also recognize a responsibility to seek changes in those requirements which are contrary to the best interests of the patient.
11.24 A physician shall respect the rights of patients, of colleagues, and of other health professionals, and shall safeguard patient confidences within the constraints of the law.
11.25 A physician shall continue to study, apply, and advance scientific knowledge, make relevant information available to patients, colleagues, and the public, obtain consultation, and use the talents of other health professionals when indicated.
11.26 A physician shall, in the provision of appropriate patient care, except in emergencies, be free to choose whom to serve, with whom to associate, and the environment in which to provide medical services.
11.27 A physician shall recognize a responsibility to participate in activities contributing to an improved community.
12.0 FISCAL YEAR
The fiscal years of this Society shall begin on the first (1) day of July of each year and end on the thirtieth (30) day of June.
13.1 These Bylaws, unless otherwise required by law, may be amended only by the favorable concurrence of two-thirds (2/3) of the eligible members present and voting, provided the proposed amendment shall have been submitted in writing to the Secretary by the Bylaws Revision Committee or by five (5) active members whose signatures appear on said proposed amendment.
13.2 Notice of the substance of the proposed amendment shall be furnished by the Secretary at least (30) days prior to the meeting at which action on the proposed amendment is to be taken. Voting may be in person or by proxy, except that no proxy dated more than twenty-one (21) days before the meeting designated therein shall be accepted.
Adopted Unanimously by
the New England Roentgen Ray Society, Inc.
on May 10, 1968
Amended 1970, 1980, 1982, 1991, 2003
The word he as used throughout this booklet implies male or female (he/she).
The New England Roentgen Ray Society
The New England Roentgen Ray Society (NERR) was founded in response to the rapidly accumulating body of knowledge and technological improvements in diagnostic and therapeutic radiology. With the discovery of the X-ray in 1895, the world of medical diagnosis began to change dramatically. By the time of the initial meetings of the NERR, great technical and educational advances had been already made in the use of the X-ray in diagnosis and therapy. The founders and early members of the New England Roentgen Ray were not primarily radiologists, but physicians of all sorts who were interested in keeping up with the rapid changes and development in this new science.
The inaugural meeting was held on May 6, 1914 by a group of “nineteen medical men interested in roentgenology assembled in response to a call by Dr. Ariel George at the Harvard Club in Boston, Mass.” Although nothing formal was done for the remainder of WWI, on Dec. 19, 1919, at the instigation of Dr. George W. Holmes (for whom the annual Holmes lecture is named), a Constitution and By-Laws were adopted stating that primary purpose of the Society “shall be the study and advancement of the science of Roentgenology.” Monthly meetings were planned and have been held at the Boston Medical Library, but have moved around some since then, from the elegant Longwood Towers in the 1970’s to a somewhat more prosaic Howard Johnson’s now. At its first anniversary the Society had 51 members. Although members were predominately from the Boston area, the membership role as early as 1920 listed physicians from other New England states, even Charles Aldrich from as far away as Brattleboro, Vermont. By the 1930 the membership had grown to nearly 130 and included two women.
The minutes of these meetings have been conscientiously kept (all fourteen volumes are available in the rare book room at the Countway Medical Library in Boston) and are impressive testimony to how well the original purpose has been kept. Details of the early scientific sessions were usually complete and make for extraordinarily interesting reading from today’s perspective:
June 7, 1920: Dr. Merrill described the technique of gastrointestinal examination used at the M.G.H. and showed many interesting plates of stomach lesions, but called particular attention to the large six and twenty-four residue, (which), even in anesthetic cases must not be considered obstructive. Dr. Holmes showed a series of chest plates of one hundred boys between the ages of eight and sixteen attending a private school who have has the best attention as to living conditions, food, etc., that money could give, and asked for a discussion on the appearance of these chests.
At least once a year a meeting would be held with other specialty societies with an interest in radiology, or with another radiology society. The program from the combined meetings of the NERR and the New York and Philadelphia Roentgen Societies at the Hotel Somerset in Boston on the weekend of January 29, 1926 is a good example of the kinds of topics at the forefront of discussion at that time. Of particular interest is the amount of time devoted to radiation therapy, and the rather notable case of characters, not only Holmes and Merrill Sosman, well known pioneers in radiology, but J.V. Meigs from surgery, Harvey Cushing from neurosurgery and E.A. Codman from pathology. In face, early in the 1920’s a tradition of inviting notable guest lecturers from outside the New England area was begun. The May 1929 meeting, for example, included Dr. Pancoast from the University of Pennsylvania speaking on techniques of pneumoencephalography.
As time went on, one can follow through the minutes of these scientific sessions the progress with all of the starts, stops and blind alleys of this emerging science. In 1929, the program was a new technique to study the uterus with Lipiodol, in order to diagnose early pregnancy. “The pregnant uterus always showed a characteristic shoulder with a shelving of the body of the uterus near the internal os.” Fortunately that one didn’t stay around long, but consider this remarkably still valid discussion about the x-ray appearance of carcinoma of the
October 17, 1930: Cancer occurs in the colon in two main forms:
1. an ulcerating mass in the lumen of the bowel.
2. a constricting annular type with progressive narrowing of the lumen by a constriction process. These annular types represent about 25% of colonic carcinomas. Diverticulitis is usually over a large area while carcinoma is limited. One must never lose sight of the possibilities of carcinoma accompanying diverticulitis in another part of the colon or even engrafted on a diverticulitis.
Despite its emphasis on scientific issues over its 75 year life span, the Society was certainly not immune from contemporary political issues concerning medicine in general and radiology in particular. As early as 1921, the minutes recorded a discussion of the necessity of the Society’s taking action against the War Risk Insurance Board’s plan to award contracts to “so-called X-ray laboratories” to offer chest X-rays to WWI veterans.
It is the consensus of opinion of this Society that some action be taken to protect ex-servicemen from the risks attending X-ray examinations by incompetent men.
Much of the early political struggles centered on the gradual realization of radiology as a separate medical specialty. For example, efforts to offer a hospital insurance plan for Boston subscribers in the mid 1930’s (at an annual premium of $10.00!!) which would include radiology services but not those of other physicians, were vigorously opposed by the Society. As radiology successfully developed in the 1930’s into a specialty with its own separate examining board, the NERR became very active in defining the relationships between radiologists and hospitals, actively supporting efforts to insure that radiology departments “seek the services of a competent radiologist to supervise the work closely.”
We believe that hospital authorities should refuse to have their X-ray departments operated as part of a “chain-shore” system.
In the mid-1940’s the NERR strenuously opposed in a letter of protest to then U.S. Senator from Massachusetts Styles Bridges, the Wagner-Murray bill, stating that “it would bring about socialization of doctors and hospitals” and “further the concentration of power in Washington.”
In more recent years the Society has become much less politically aggressive, at least in a formal way. However, the intent of the original charter, “the study and advancement of the science of Roentgenology”, has been adhered to faithfully. The NERR has sponsored extended courses for radiology residents in radiation physics and biology and in cardiovascular radiology. An annual weekend course is given in the fall, intensively addressing one of the subspecialty areas of radiology. Scientific sessions still occur monthly, well attended by both residents and practicing radiologists, and topics of discussion continue to reflect the most current advances in the radiologic sciences. As current members, we look back with gratitude to those whose interest in teaching and learning have made this Society such a vibrant part of the radiologic community for the past 75 years.
— Peter Gibbons, M.D.